Japan Infrastructure Partners (JIP) is a specified non-profit organization accredited by the governor of the Tokyo Metropolitan Administration in accorance with the Japanese NPO law enacted in 1998.
Japan has been one of the major countries which donate the developing countries by means of official development aid (ODA). In the Japanese aid, infrastructure development projects including road, bridge, flood damage mitigation, sewerage and regional planning have been prominently featured. They have been successfully contributing to the advancement in various aspects including economics and living in developing countries.
It may safely be said that Japanese governmental engineers have been largely participating in the infrastructural development assistance through the Japanese aid schemes. Their participation extends to the areas of JICA technical expert, infrastructure development studies, training of foreign engineers, appraisal of projects applied for Japanese financial assistance and secondment to international aid agencies.
The Japanese aid is by its nature executed through direct contacts between recipient governments and the Japanese government. However, due to the recent diversification of social needs, there appear to be cases where more active participation of the private sector either in group or individually on a voluntary basis may be desirable to effectively and/or quickly meet recipient’s needs, as for instance witnessed by the grass root assistance of Japanese ODA.
It is also worth mentioning that because of global political complexity and financial problems on the part of the governments of developed countries, the improvements to infrastructure in developing countries have been increasingly requiring assistance and cooperation from the private sector in developed countries.
Background of Establishment
In response to these changes of the environments surrounding ODA, those who are ex-Japanese governmental engineers and committed to contribution toward the development of infrastructure in developing countries, established a non-profit organization “Japan Infrastructure Partners (JIP) “ in accordance with the Japanese NPO law in February 2006. Its primary objective is to lend a helping hand to both the public and private sectors in the areas of infrastructure development.
The members of JIP were positively involved and highly experienced in policies, planning, engineering works related to infrastructure development in Japan. They are also well acquainted with the Japanese aid policies and procedures, thanks to their active participation in various Japanese aid schemes during their services for the Japanese government. We trust JIP could extend technical assistance and advices necessary for developing countries as their partners.
JIP is entirely independent from the public sector and financially stands on its own, with its basic operation expenses covered by membership dues. As such, JIP’s activities are to be performed by its members on a voluntary basis. But by law JIP is entitled to take on professional services at cost and receive donation so as to attain its objective.
Scope of Expertise
The following are main fields for which JIP members’ expertise is available. However, JIP may try to find appropriate experts specialized in other fields than those below-mentioned so as to meet the needs, as the case may be.
- regional and urban development planning
- highway, bridge, traffic management and control
- water resources development, drainage, sewerage
- flood damage mitigation, landslide prevention
Categories of Activities
JIP’s activities are broadly divided into the following four (4) categories. They are assistance and cooperation for preparation works to apply for Japanese aid, execution of preliminary feasibility study, technology transfer, and exchange of information and promotion of friendship. Following are major activities of JIP.
１．Preparation works to apply for Japanese aid
- Collection of relevant information
- Project scoping and development in collaboration with counterparts
- Assistance to prepare application documents
- Contact with agencies concerned with Japanese aid
２． Preliminary feasibility study
- Drafting feasibility study reports for small projects in collaboration with counterparts
- Exchange of technology with counterparts
- Training of local engineers Lecture, workshop
４．Exchange of Information and promotion of friendship
- Exchange and dissemination of relevant information Exchange of views with foreign embassies stationed in Japan and local engineers visiting Japan
- Discussions with local counterparts on policies and technology concerning infrastructure development